Fascist Italian members of the Black Brigades (Italian: Brigate Nere) pose for a group photo near the end of the war. The Black Brigades were one of the Fascist paramilitary groups operating in the Italian Social Republic in northern Italy. They were formed from members of the Fascist Republican Party. Formation of the Black Brigades was sanctioned by a Fascist Republican Party law dated 30 June 1944. The brigade members not only fought the Allies and the Italian partisans, but they also fought against political opponents and other Black Brigade members whose support of “the cause” was deemed less than exuberant. Many Black Brigade members were killed in this type of in-fighting. Bergamo, Lombardy, Italy. August 1944.