American women work along the rails for the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR). The women were paid 56 cents an hour for their work. Widespread male enlistment left gaping holes in the industrial labor force during the war years. Between 1940 and 1945, the female percentage of the U.S. workforce increased to nearly 37 percent, and by 1945 nearly one out of every four married women worked outside the home. Long Island, New York, USA. September 1942.