1. Throngs of American citizens crowd New York’s Time’s Square to celebrate the news of Germany’s unconditional surrender. Time’s Square (looking north from 44th St.), New York, New York City, U.S.A. 7 May 1945.

  2. Macedonian civilians greet partisans of the People’s Liberation Army of Macedonia (a faction of the Yugoslavian Partisan Movement), led by Metodija Andonov-Čento, as they march through Skopje following the successful National Liberation War of Macedonia (part of the larger Yugoslav Front) against Axis forces. Skopje, Macedonia, Yugoslavia (now, Republic of Macedonia). 13 November 1944.

  3. A police truck for the German Police Battalion 9 is unloaded at Oslo harbor following the German invasion and occupation of Norway. Oslo, Eastern Norway, Norway. June 1940.

  4. A U.S. Army nurse carries her gear prior to boarding a plane for transport after being liberated from a Japanese internment camp. She had been a POW for three years. Manila, National Capital Region, Luzon, Philippines. February 1945. Image taken by Carl Mydans.

  5. Bulgarian civilians and military personnel are photographed in the streets of Sofia following the Allied bombing campaign of the capital city. Bulgaria had initially declared neutrality during the war. After the failure of the Italian invasion of Greece, Germany demanded that Bulgaria sign the Tripartite Pact and permit German forces to pass through Bulgaria to attack Greece in order to help Italy. While the Bulgarian government was reluctant to get involved in the war, the threat of a German invasion, as well as the promise of Greek territories, led Bulgaria to sign the pact on 1 March 1941 and join the Axis bloc. Sofia was heavily bombed by the Allies during 1943 and 1944. Following a coup d’état by the resistance movement in September 1944, the pro-Axis Bulgarian government was ousted and Bulgaria joined the Allied powers and then declared war on former Axis partners Germany, Italy and Hungary. Sofia, Bulgaria. March 1944. Image taken by Tsanko Lavrenov.

  6. Japanese Buddhists monks at the Sensō-ji temple in Asakusa district wear gas masks during training against future aerial attacks as Japan prepares for the Second Sino-Japanese War. Tokyo, Kantō region, Honshu, Japan. 30 May 1936.

  7. Polish Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto are searched for weapons and interrogated after being captured as insurgents, or forced from hiding places during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising began in early 1943 when Jews interned in the ghetto began an armed resistance against the German effort to raze the ghetto and send all inhabitants to Treblinka extermination camp. Approximately 13,000 Jews were killed in the ghetto during the uprising; some 6,000 among them were burnt alive or died from smoke inhalation. Of the remaining 50,000 residents, most were captured and shipped to concentration and extermination camps, in particular to Treblinka. Warsaw, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland. April 1943.

  8. Two young German soldiers armed with panzerfausts and carbines march through Lower Silesia. Towards the end of the war, German boys as young as fourteen and fifteen were often sent into battle to augment the dwindling numbers of able-bodied men. Lubań, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland. 30 March 1945.

  9. Polish Jewish youth are photographed within the Warsaw Ghetto. The Warsaw Ghetto was the largest of all the Jewish ghettos in Nazi-occupied Europe. It was established between October and 16 November 1940, with over 400,000 Jews from the vicinity forcibly relocated to an area of 3.4 km (1.3 sq. mi). From there, at least 254,000 residents were sent to the Treblinka extermination camp over the course of two months in the summer of 1942. Over 100,000 of the Ghetto’s residents died due to rampant disease or starvation, as well as executions and random killings, even before the Nazis began mass deportations. The death toll among the Jewish inhabitants of the Ghetto, between deportations to extermination camps, Großaktion Warschau, the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, and the subsequent razing of the ghetto in May 1943, is estimated to be at least 300,000. Warsaw, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland. 21 May 1941. Image taken by Ludwig Knobloch.

  10. Italian Resistance fighters associated with the liberal socialist Italian Action Party (Italian: Partito d’Azione) participate in the liberation of Milan from Axis occupation. Milan, Lombardy, Italy. April 1945.

  11. Mexico goes to war. Cpt. Radamés Gaxiola Andrade (second from right) of the Mexican Escuadrón 201, Mexican Expeditionary Air Force, stands in front of his Republic P-47 Thunderbolt fighter aircraft with his maintenance team after he returns from a combat mission during the Battle of Luzon. Mexico declared war on the Axis powers in support of the Allies on 22 May 1942 following the sinking of two Mexican oil tankers by German U-boats in the Gulf of Mexico. Escuadrón 201 left for the Philippines on 27 March 1945 and was based at Porac in the Clark Field complex. Porac, Pampanga, Luzon, Philippines. July 1945. 

  12. U.S Army soldiers of the 145th Regiment, 37th U.S. Infantry Division, move through a courtyard of following a Japanese attack at a nearby building of the Filipino National Assembly during the Battle of Manila. The bodies of Japanese soldiers can be seen on the steps on the left; killed by machine gun fire as they exited one of the buildings. Manila, National Capital Region, Luzon, Philippines. 1 March 1945. Image taken by Frank Filan.  

  13. Polish policemen guide a young boy with a head injury and evacuate other civilians to medical aid stations and air raid shelters during the German invasion and aerial assault on Warsaw. Warsaw, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland. September 1939. 

  14. Montenegrin communist partisans of the 2nd Company, 3rd Battalion, 4th Proletarian Brigade of the People’s Liberation Army of Yugoslavia, Života Milosavljević (left), Života Trenkić (cenrer) and Jugoslav Miljković (right) pose for a photograph armed with Soviet-produced Shpagina PCA-41 submachine guns. The National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia, led by Josef Broz Tito, fought against Axis forces, as well as Yugoslavian factions such as the Serb nationalist and pro-monarchist Chetniks, the fascist ultranationalist Croatian Ustaše movement, as well as other internal factions divided by ideological and ethnic differences. Near Bapska, Vukovar-Syrmia, Yugoslavia (Croatia). 27 January 1945.

  15. Allied Indian troops embark onto boats during an invasion exercise during the Malayan Campaign. Kota Tinggi, Johore, British Malaya (now, Malaysia). 13 November 1941.